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“Parents Spend Half A Million on Tutoring”

“Parents Spend Half A Million on Tutoring”

Standardized Tests and Tutoring Gaps

(p.133) Chapter Four “Parents Spend Half A Million on Tutoring”
Academic Profiling
Gilda L. Ochoa
University of Minnesota Press

This chapter reveals the intensification of a tutoring industry. Some students—primarily middle and upper middle class Asian American students–receive extensive tutoring in Chinese schools and from for-profit organizations. In contrast, many Latina/o students across class position receive no tutoring or limited tutoring. Such unequal access to tutoring fuels academic and social differences, and some teachers are even changing their curriculum in ways that benefit students with tutoring.

Keywords:   Latinas/os, Asian Americans, Educational Achievement Gap, Social and opportunity gaps, Neoliberalism and neoconservativism, Policing students, MEChA and Student activism, Curriculum Tracking

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